Level B1 - French verbs followed by infinitives or nouns

When to use À, DE, or NOTHING at all before infinitives and nouns

B1 LEVEL: FRENCH VERBS FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVES OR NOUNS

When do they require the prepositions À and DE?

Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. Some verbs require À or DE when followed by nouns. This lesson expands upon the list of common verbs you learned in my free A2 level lesson, and it includes examples for every verb in French with English translations. The examples are also more advanced as they are written at a B1-B2 level.

This is not a lesson that can really be explained as there is no rhyme or reason as to whether you need prepositions or not (unfortunately). I thought the best thing to do would be to provide you with comprehensive lists and practice resources. It will not be helpful to translate from English to French because many times we don’t need prepositions in English even though they're essential in French. The best thing to do is work on memorizing these lists.

TRÈS IMPORTANT: Unlike my level A2 lesson, this is a course about verbs when followed both by infinitives as well as nouns. It is important to revise verbs followed by nouns to help you remember when to use the pronouns Y and EN as well as the relative pronoun DONT.


STEP 1: Verbs + no preposition + infinitive - Download the list without examples and keep it as a reference.

Verbs + no preposition + infinitive - Download and study the list with examples in French and English.

Highlight the verbs and infinitives as you read the sentences aloud.

This is a list of 26 verbs and 26 examples in French with English translations.

STEP 2: Verbs + À + infinitive - Download the list without examples and keep it as a reference.

Verbs + À + infinitive + infinitive - Download and study the list with examples in French and English.

Highlight the verbs and infinitives as you read the sentences aloud.

This is a list of 23 verbs and 23 examples in French with English translations.

STEP 3: Verbs + DE + infinitive - Download the list without examples and keep it as a reference.

Verbs + DE + infinitive - Download and study the list with examples in French and English.

Highlight the verbs and infinitives as you read the sentences aloud.

This is a list of 46 verbs and 46 examples in French with English translations.

STEP 4: Verbs + À + noun - Download the list without examples and keep it as a reference.

Verbs + À + noun - Download and study the list with examples in French and English.

Highlight the verbs and nouns as you read the sentences aloud.

This is a list of 35 verbs and 35 examples in French with English translations.

STEP 5: Verbs + DE + noun - Download the list without examples and keep it as a reference.

Verbs + DE + noun - Download and study the list with examples in French and English.

Highlight the verbs and nouns as you read the sentences aloud.

This is a list of 17 verbs and 17 examples in French with English translations.

STEP 6: 100 practice cards: Fill in the blanks with À, DE, or NOTHING at all with verbs followed by infinitives and nouns. There are even some surprise cards which include other ways to use À and DE! Be sure to use these practice cards as speaking cards. Read your answers aloud. An answer key is provided.

STEP 7: After having spent time using your practice cards.... It's time to test yourself! Download your test and see how you do. The sentences are the same as the ones on the practice cards, so don't begin this final step until you feel you're ready for the challenge! An answer key is provided.


This resource is included in my FRENCH PROGRAM FOR SELF-LEARNERS, and once you own the program, you'll have access to all of LLL's current and future French learning resources at no additional cost!





Your Instructor


Jennifer Crespin
Jennifer Crespin

Jennifer is originally from Louisiana, and has been teaching French for over 20 years. She has been living in France with her husband and children since 2013, and continues to teach French both online and locally. She completed a BA in French and English, and taught French and moved to France for a year before completing an MA degree in French literature and language. While living in the US, she taught French for 15 years at Saint Louis University High School, a Jesuit college preparatory school for young men.


Course Curriculum


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  Lesson 7
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